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EEOC data release

  • 1.  EEOC data release

    Posted 02-12-2024 23:52

    Dear Organizations, Diversity, Inequality Research Community

    After a hiatus of eight years the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is making its incredible data resources available again to the research community. These data will be found in Census Research Data Centers and access procedures are detailed below.

    These are establishment and firm level data on employment race-gender-occupation composition over time as well as discrimination charges filed with the EEOC and state Fair Employment Practice Agencies.  Data are geocoded to the address level and contain company names. At the end of this email you can find some published examples of the use of these data.

    I am happy to answer any questions you have about the data that I can, but direct you to David Bowden at the EEOC for getting access and better answers.

    With excitement,

    Donald Tomaskovic-Devey

    University of Massachusetts, Center for Employment Equity


    unit of observation


    year range

    eeo-1 -private sector

    establishments and owning firm

    100+employees, 50 if federal contractors, [earlier years 50 and 25] some smaller organizations present

    annual 1966-2022

    eeo-3 -local unions

    local referral unions

    100+ members

    biannual 1998-2022

    eeo-4 - state & local governments

    functions within agencies

    100+ members, functions within agencies

    biannual 1973-2021

    eeo-5 -school systems

    school systems

    100+ members

    biannual 1992-2022

    discrimination charges

    individual complaints

    complaints to EEOC and State Fair Employment Practice Agencies, , including unstructured narratives for EEOC, but not FEPA charges

    continuous 1990-2022


    The EEOC is in the process of joining the Standard Application Process (SAP) portal hosted  at https://www.researchdatagov.org/. Click or tap if you trust this link." rel="noopener">https://www.researchdatagov.org/.  We welcome and encourage researchers to submit applications via email to data.access@eeoc.gov. For projects using only EEOC data (along with any user-supplied data), we will be able to fully review and approve email submissions.


    Proposals using data from both the EEOC and other federal agencies (see researchdatagov.org for a list of participating agencies and datasets) will eventually need to be submitted to the SAP portal as well so that each relevant agency can review the application. That said, submitting the proposal via email should slightly expedite the timeline for accessing the data as we will be able to review the EEOC-relevant portions of the application. Copying the application to the online portal should be fairly straightforward.

    Once an application has been approved, the researcher will be contacted by Census Bureau staff to complete the https://www.census.gov/topics/research/guidance/restricted-use-microdata/standard-application-process.html. Click or tap if you trust this link." rel="noopener">other steps for obtaining access to FSRDC facilities, including gaining Special Sworn Status. This process may be expedited for researchers who already have Special Sworn Status from a previous project.


    Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions, as well as any requests to be removed from this mailing list. We also encourage you to forward this information to other researchers.





    David Bowden, PhD

    Statistician, Data Policy and Access Team

    Office of Enterprise Data and Analytics

    U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    (202) 921-2775 | david.bowden@eeoc.gov


    Ferguson, John-Paul, and Rembrand Koning. 2018. "Firm Turnover and the Return of Racial Establishment Segregation." American Sociological Review 83(3): 445-474.

    Hirsh, E. (2009). The Strength of Weak Enforcement: The Impact of Discrimination Charges, Legal Environments, and Organizational Conditions on Workplace Segregation. American Sociological Review, 74:245–271.

    Huffman, Matt L., Philip N. Cohen, and Jessica Pearlman. 2010. "Engendering Change: Organizational Dynamics and Workplace Gender Desegregation, 1975–2005." Administrative Science Quarterly 55(2): 255-277.

    Kalev, Alexandra, Frank Dobbin, and Erin Kelly. 2006. "Best Practices or Best Guesses? Assessing the Efficacy of Corporate Affirmative Action and Diversity Policies." American Sociological Review 71(4): 589-617.

    Kerr, Brinck, Will Miller and Margaret Reid. 2000. "The Changing Face of Urban Bureaucracy: Is There Inter-Ethnic Competition in Municipal Government Jobs?" Urban Affairs Review, 35(6): 770-793.

    Stainback, Kevin, Sibyl Kleiner, and Sheryl Skaggs. 2016. "Women in power: Undoing or redoing the gendered organization?." Gender & Society 30, 1: 109-135.

    Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald and Carly McCann, C. 2021. Employment discrimination charge rates: Variation and sources. Socius7, 23780231211064389.

    Zhang, Letian. 2021. "Shaking Things Up: Disruptive Events and Inequality." American Journal of Sociology 127(2): 376-440.

    Letian Zhang
    Harvard Business School
    Boston MA